Is the Standard Model Isolated?

The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is probing physics in a new kinematic region, at energies around and above the electroweak symmetry-breaking scale. With the discovery of the Higgs boson [3][33], the first data-taking period of the LHC experiments demonstrated that the understanding of electroweak symmetry-breaking within the Standard Model (SM) is broadly correct, and thus that the theory is potentially validwell above the TeV scale. Many precision measurements of hadronic jets, charged leptons, and other final states have been published, reaching into this new kinematic domain.

The predictions of the SM are generally in agreement with the data, while the many dedicated searches for physics beyond the SM have excluded a wide range of possible scenarios. Nevertheless, there are reasons to be confident that physics beyond the Standard Model (BSM) exists; examples include the gravitational evidence for dark matter, the large preponderance of matter over antimatter in the universe, and the existence of gravity itself. None of these can be easily accommodated within known Standard Model.

This motivates a continued campaign to make precise measurements and calculations at higher energies and luminosities, and to exploit these to narrow down the class of viable models of new physics, hopefully shedding light on the correct new theory, or at least on the energy scale at which new physics might be observed at future experiments. Whether physics beyond the Standard Model is discovered or not, there is a need to extract the clearest and most generic information about physics in this new energy regime, an imperative which will grow with integrated luminosity.

A combination of comprehesive measurement such as those used by Contur, and specific searches for less generic final states (such as long lived particles, or dark showers, for example) should be able to answer the question as to whether BSM physics is close enough to the electroweak symmetry-breaking scale to be within direct reach of the LHC or, to coin a phrase, establish the isolated Standard Model (Wells, Zhang and Zhao, 2017 [66], see also Is the Standard Model Isolated? )

Contur is a procedure and toolkit designed to set limits on theories Beyond the Standard Model using measurements at particle colliders. The original procedure is defined in a ‘white paper’ [31], which should be used as a reference for this method.

Contur produces a combined limit derived from comparisons between theoretical simulations and data at the particle-level. That is, the theory simulates a fully-exclusive final state, and the data have been corrected for detector effects.

Contur exploits the fact that particle-level differential measurements made in fiducial regions of phase-space have a high degree of model-independence. These measurements can therefore be compared to BSM physics implemented in Monte Carlo generators in a very generic way, allowing a wider array of final states to be considered than is typically the case. The Contur approach should be seen as complementary to the discovery potential of direct searches, being designed to eliminate inconsistent BSM proposals in a context where many (but perhaps not all) measurements are consistent with the Standard Model. The Contur method is highly scaleable to other models and future measurements and we intend to reflect these developments in these pages.

What to expect of these pages

These pages should contain the current status of the Contur project, results obtained so far, and documentation for using it yourself. They define the methodology, and provide an up-to-date archive of the models and datasets tested with the tools. Contur is intended to be easily extensible not just to considering new scenarios, but to the inclusion of additional data in the limit setting process. When particularly significant new models or datasets are added, it is anticipated that further papers will be written and linked as snapshots of progress. But these pages should always contain the most up-to-date status.